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5. Employee benefit expenses

EUR 1,000 2017 2016



Wages and salaries -21,272 -27,874
Pension expenses, defined contribution plans -1,125 -1,835
Pension expenses, defined benefit plans (note 21) -196 -199
Other long-term employee benefit expenses (note 23) -112 -375
Other employee benefits -2,467 -3,345
Employee benefit expenses total *) -25,171 -33,629



*) Employee benefit expenses include one-time costs 2017 EUR 1.1 million (EUR 2.3 million 2016)


Information about management compensation is presented in note 28.


Average number of employees

Finland 79 108
Ireland 8 37
Other Europe 1 1
India 514 617
Other East and Southeast Asia 1 4
Middle-East 70 72
Latin America 55 57
Total 727 895






Employee incentive scheme

The group had no effective share option incentive financial periods 2016 - 2017